The CLAWS Journal welcomes professional articles
on warfare and conflict, national security and
strategic issues, especially those related to
the art and science of land warfare including
sub-conventional conflict in the Indian context.
Articles may be submitted by serving and retired
members of the armed forces as well as civilians
in India and abroad. Articles on aerospace and
maritime issues and those on foreign policy and
international relations having a bearing on land
warfare are also welcome. The Journal particularly
encourages articles from younger members of the
Manuscripts :- Contributors
should submit their manuscripts (main articles,
commentaries, review articles and book reviews)
by e-mail, with one hard copy being sent separately
by post. All material must be original, unpublished
and should not have been submitted for publication
elsewhere. Main articles must have a length of
3,000 to 6,000 words. Commentaries and review
articles must not exceed 1,500 to 2000 words.
Book Reviews :-
Book reviews must contain the name of the author,
the title of the book reviewed, particulars of
the publisher, place and date of publication,
number of pages and price. Authors who wish to
have their book considered for review should ask
their publisher to send a copy to the Editor,
Since manuscripts will be sent out anonymously
for peer review, the authors should omit their
identity from the manuscript. The author’s
name, rank, unit/institutional affiliation, e-mail
ID, postal address and telephone number should
be submitted on a separate cover page. Each article
must be accompanied by an abstract of about 250
to 300 words. A four to five line (or 75 words)
biographical note describing the author should
accompany the manuscript. Manuscripts should be
typed in double space, including endnotes and
references, with 1.5 inch (3.0 cm) margins, on
one side of A4 size paper.
Acceptance and Revision
Intimation regarding suitability of the article
for publication will be given within 30 days of
its receipt in normal cases. Articles not accepted
for publication will note returned. The Editorial
team reserves the right to edit articles for better
clarity and to ensure that the style conforms
to the style of the CLAWS Journal. However, views
expressed by an author will not be altered. Authors
should be prepared to revise their manuscript
based on the suggestions made by the reviewers
and the editorial team.
Honorarium :- A suitable honorarium
will be paid for articles accepted for publication.
The CLAWS Journal may also commission articles
from time to time.
Retired armed forces
officers and civilian authors should submit
a certificate of originality, clearly stating
that the article is original and unpublished
and has not been submitted for consideration
Serving members of the
armed forces must submit the necessary clearance
certificates in terms of the relevant rules
and regulations pertaining to their respective
Serving army officers must
submit three certificates.
First, a certificate of
originality, clearly stating that the
article is original and unpublished
and has not been submitted for consideration
Second, a certificate
from the author stating that s/he
has not used any official information
or material obtained in an official
capacity while writing the article
Third, a certificate from her/his
Superior Officer stating that there
is no objection to the publication of
The format of the latter two certificates
is given in Para 21 (a) and (b) of SAO
Responsibility for obtaining
Army HQ DGMI (MI-11) clearance in respect
of articles pertaining to subjects specified
in Paras 13 and 14 of SAO 3/S/2001/MI, will
be that of the officer herself/himself.
Style of the Journal
Clarity :- Articles
should be written in a clear and lucid style.
Sentences should be kept short. The use of too
many adjectives should be avoided. The most complex
ideas can be expressed in simple language. Paragraphs
should also be short.
Use of Pronouns :- Articles
should be written in third person. Writing in
first person should be avoided completely –
unless the author is over 65 years old!
Spelling :- Use
British, not American spellings. Thus, use “humour,”
not “humor,” and “programme,”
not “program.” Where alternative forms
exist, choose “-ise” instead of “-ize”
or “-isation” instead of “-ization”
spellings. Thus, use “modernise,”
Quotations :- Quotations
must be placed in double quotation marks, reserving
single quotation marks for a quote within a quote.
Long quotes (i.e., four lines or more) should
be indented, without quote marks, to set them
apart from the text.
All abbreviations must be given in full at
their first use in the text; for example Comprehensive
Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
Abbreviations should include a final stop
in words shortened by omitting the end (such
as p., ed., vol.) but not in contractions (words
such as Mr, Dr, edn, eds) or between capitals,
e.g., USA, SAARC, UN.
Avoid using “i.e.” and “e.g.”
in the text but use them in the notes if you
Do not use military abbreviations such as
“ops”, “int” and “adm”
as the CLAWS Journal will have a civilian as
well as an international readership. However,
those such as CI (counter-insurgency), IS (internal
security) and CPMFs (central police and para-military
forces) may be used after being given in full
at their first use.
Abbreviated military ranks may be used; e.g.,
Lt Col, RAdm and Wg Cdr.
Headings and Parts :- The only
centre heading should be the title of the article.
Refrain from dividing an article into several
parts. Avoid too many headings, as is the norm
in Service writing. While group headings are the
norm (bold but not underlined), paragraph headings
are best avoided.
Sub-paragraphs and sub-sub-paragraphs
Avoid writing in sub-paragraphs unless it
is inescapable – e.g. a list needs to
Even then, write in complete sentences and
not in point form under sub-paragraphs.
Do not write in sub-sub-paragraphs
under any circumstances.
Highlighting Words :-
Use capitals, bold and italics sparingly
but consistently. Italics should be used for titles
of books, newspapers, journals and magazines as
well as for foreign words not in common usage.
Numbers :- Numbers
from one to nine should be spelt out, 10 and above
will remain in figures; hence, “seven”
not “7” and “17” not “seventeen”.
However, figures should be used for exact measurements
(such as “5 per cent,” “5 km”
and “5-year-old child”). Use “thousand”
and “million,” not “crore”
and “lakh” as the Journal will have
international readers. Use fuller forms for inclusive
numbers in the case of dates and page numbers
(such as “1971-72” and pp. “260-65”).
In the text use “per cent”, in tables
the symbol “%.”
Figures and Tables :-
Figures and Tables should be presented
on separate sheets of paper and collected at the
end of the article while mentioning the location
in the article. Figures and Tables must be numbered
in separate sequences, i.e., “Figure 1”
and “Table 1” and the titles should
be short and crisp. Copyright permission for reproducing
figures or photographs that have been cited from
other works must be obtained.
Endnotes and References
:- Endnotes and References should be
amalgamated and marked serially in the text of
the article by superscript 1, 2, 3, etc.
Style :- References should be typed
in the form of the following example on first
Books :- Michael
Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge (London:
Routledge, 1989), p. 26.
Edited Volume :- James
Der Derian (ed.), International Theory: Critical
Investigations (New York: New York
University Press, 1995).
Articles in Journals
:- Samina Yasmeen, “Pakistan’s
Kashmir Policy: Voices of Moderation?,”
Contemporary South Asia, Vol. 12, No. 2,
June 2003, pp. 187-202. In case of two journals
having a similar title, the place of publication
must be mentioned, e.g., International Affairs
(London) and International Affairs (Moscow).
Articles in Edited
Volumes :- Tom Nairn, “The
Curse of Rurality: Limits of Modernisation
Theory” in John A. Hall (ed.), The
State of the Nation: Ernest Gellner and
the Theory of Nationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1998), pp. 107-34
Articles in Newsmagazines :- Gurmeet
Kanwal, “Pakistan: On the Brink,”
The Week, November 4, 2007, p. 45.
Articles from Newspapers :- M.
K. Bhadrakumar, “New Regionalism in
Central Asia,” The Hindu, 14 July 2004.
Websites :- United Nations Development
Programme, “Arab Human Development
Report 2003”, http://www.undp.org/rbas/
ahdr/english2003.html, accessed on October
Reports and Documents
United Nations, UNCED,
The Global Partnership for Environment
and Development (New York: United Nations,
Report on the Elimination of Nuclear
Weapons (Canberra: Commonwealth of
Australia, 1996). Available on the
Internet at <http://www.dfat.gov.au/cc/cchome.html>
:- Michael Williams, “The
Discursive Power of Community: Consideration
on the European ‘Security Community’”,
Draft Paper presented at the conference
on Power, Security and Community: IR Theory
and the Politics of EU Enlargement, Copenhagen,
9-12 October 1997.
Unpublished Theses and Dissertations
:- Christopher Strawn, “Falling
of the Mountain: A Political History and Analysis
of Bhutan, the Bhutanese Refugees and the
Movement in Exile”, Dissertation submitted
to the University of Wisconsin, USA, 1993,
On subsequent reference (unless immediately
following the first reference, in which case
Ibid. will be used) the examples above will
Foucault, The Archaeology
of Knowledge, p. 72.
Derian, International Theory.
Yasmeen, “Pakistan’s Kashmir
Policy,” p. 195.
Nairn, “The Curse of Rurality,”
Kanwal, “Pakistan: On the Brink,”
Bhadrakumar, “New Regionalism.”
United Nations Development Programme,
“Arab Human Development.”
United Nations, UNCED, The Global
Williams, “The Discursive Power
Strawn, Falling of the Mountain.
Christopher Strawn, “Falling
of the Mountain: A Political History and
Analysis of Bhutan, the Bhutanese Refugees
and the Movement in Exile”, Dissertation
submitted to the University of Wisconsin,
USA, 1993, Chap. 4.
On subsequent reference
(unless immediately following the first
reference, in which case Ibid. will be used)
the examples above will become:
Copyright :- The
copyright of all materials published lies
with the Centre for Land Warfare Studies
(CLAWS), New Delhi. Authors may, of course,
use the article elsewhere after publication,
provided that prior permission is obtained
from CLAWS and due acknowledgement is given
to the CLAWS Journal. Authors are themselves
responsible for obtaining permission to
reproduce copyright material from other
Five offprints of each
article will be provided to the author and
in case of more than one author, to the
senior author. A complimentary copy of the
printed journal will be provided to each