China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) does not formulate major foreign policies or decisions but implements them.
The Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) and the Politburo of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Foreign Affairs Leading Small Group (FALSG) are the principle players connected with the crafting of China’s foreign policy.
The Central Policy Research Office, the General Office and the International Department (CPC/ID), the three departments under the CPC Central Committee have a major role in the official foreign policy mechanism in China.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) is a body under the State Council headed by the Prime Minister, but owing to its relative position and authority within the system, the Party controls China’s Foreign Policy.
Diplomats and foreign policy professionals handling China can no longer deal with a single agency and hope to impact and sway foreign policies.